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Tuesday, August 11

Shri Padma Shri Dr. S R Ranganathan (Father of Library and Information Science) Biography Librarian Help 4 U

 Shri Padma Shri Dr. S R Ranganathan 
(Father of Library and Information Science) 

Librarian Help 4 U

Dr. Eugene Garfield is also mentioned "Ranganathan is to library science what Einstein is to physics''

Name, Birth and Family

Name -Shiyali Ramamrita Ranganathan (S.R.R.)

Birthplace:- Tanjavoor District of Tamil Nadu

Date of Birth:-9 August 1892 But (Officially Celebrated on 12 August) 

Date of Die:-27 September 1972

Father's Name:-Mr. Ramamrita Iyer (his Family is Brahmin)

Mother's Name:- Mrs. Sitalakshmi

Wife Name:-Rukmani died in a drowning accident Then Ranganathan married Sarada in 1929.

Son Name:- R. Yogeshwar (Engeeniar).


Dr. Rananathan starts his education from the mother's home town Shiyali (Shirgazhi) and completes up to the final year of the 10th class, and during the study, he got married to Rukmani at the age of 15. For his higher education, he moved to Madras (Chennai) and completed his B.A degree in Mathematica in 1913 from the Madras Christian College and M.A. degree in 1916; Ranganathan also obtained a licentiate in teaching (LT) from the Teachers’ College in Madras in 1917.


 Ranganathan starts His career as a mathematician and he taught mathematics in different colleges of Tamilnadu. those are government College in Mangalore and  Presidency College 
As a teacher of mathematics, He also published a few papers which is related to history and background of the mathematics it was very famous in the mathematics field.

In 1923 Madras University invites application for the post of librarian and Ranganathan is selected after all the selection process and then S.R Ranganathan went for training in librarianship and Library work in England. In 1924 Ranganathan join the University of College London came back in July  1925 and take the responsibility of librarian at the University of Madras and then Ranganathan also make lots of changes in the library schedules rules and regulations and also so lots of services for the library.

Ranganathan as A Librarian:- 

As Ranganathan joins as a librarian at Madras University Sir started doing experiments in the Madras university library for the betterment of the uses and that experiments became Ranganathan's Noble work in the field of library information science in India.
 In 1931 Ranganathan gives 5 laws of library information science which are widely used all over the world you can say these five laws of library information science are the  'Granth' key to every problem of library science.
  • Books are for use
  • Every reader his book
  • Every book its reader
  • Save the time of the reader
  • Library is a growing organism
 The main objective of S.R Ranganathan for the library and the user to easily access and retrieval of information in the required time and in personnel required manner and to make this possible he developed lots of tools, techniques, principles, law,  which are Classic in the field of library science and that law, Principle, and techniques, is compatible with today's scenario of changing information science Which are.
Colon Classification (CC) (first published in 1933), 
Classified Catalogue Code (CCC) (first published in 1934), 
Library Administration (first published in 1935), and 
Prolegomena to Library Classification (first published in 1937) providing a comprehensive theoretical basis for library classification.

Library Movement and Ranganatha;-

During the working as an academic librarian in Madras University, he also realized the role of the public library in the country and the social and cultural development of the country so, he initiated a library Association for the enforcement of public library Act in the Madras Presidency with the support of local political leaders and other eminent people in the Madras this step causes the establishment of Madras Library Association (MALA) in 1928. he also drafts library legislation act for the states.

 after several efforts and labor by Ranganathan causes first library act in Madras at 1948.

 by his first effort and milestone presently  19 states has its own library legislation in India.

Ranganathan also served as president of the Indian Library Association from 1944 to 1953. He also founded the Mysore Library Association (now Karnataka State Library Association) and the Indian Association of Teachers of Library Science (IATLIS) (now, Indian Association of Teachers of Library and Information Science).

Ranganathan was one of the founders of the Indian National Scientific Documentation Centre (INSDOC) established in 1952 under the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) with support from UNESCO to provide information support services for R&D activities. He was also chair of its first Scientific Advisory Committee. INSDOC was merged with NISCOM (National Institute of Science Communication), also a unit of CSIR, in 2002 to form NISCAIR (National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources). In 1962 after returning from Zurich, Ranganathan founded the Documentation Research & Training Centre (DRTC) as a unit of the Indian Statistical Institute. The academic programme of DRTC was specially designed to train information specialists capable of designing and running information support systems for R&D and industry. DRTC also carried out advanced research in documentation with a focus on developing and sharpening tools for knowledge organization including machine applications in information handling and processing.

Library Education and Ranganatha.

He was a university librarian and professor of library science at Banaras Hindu University (1945–47) and the vice Chancellor in the University of Delhi.

He donates is savings for the establishment of the department in the Madras University for the learning and teaching of librarianship.

Ranganathan moved to Delhi at the invitation of the University of Delhi to establish a Department of Library Science (started as an associate project of UNESCO) with bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral degree programs.

UGC also appoint Ranganathan as a chairperson for the  review  to review the education policy in the field of library and information science and   Ranganathan gives a report  to the UGC as library science in Indian University

Also established DRTC At Bangalore in 1962 for the research and development in the field of documentation.

 The Sarada Ranganathan Endowment for Library Science

1963 Ranganathan also establish not for profit organization Sharda Ranganathan endorsement for library science in the memory of his second wife Sharda this organization take all the publication activities by  Ranganathan and also organizing the workshop, conference, and Traning programs presently this organization also published a journal-title SRELS Journal of Information Management.

Honors and awards

Ranganathan was recipient of many honours and awards. Some noteworthy awards are:

  • Rao Saheb (in 1935 from the Government of India under British rule)
  • doctorate honoris causa (University of Delhi, 1948)
  • honorary fellow, Virginia Bibliographic Society, 1951
  • honorary member, Indian Association of Special Libraries and Information Centres, 1956
  • padmashri (from the Government of India in 1957)
  • honorary vice-president, Library Association (London), 1957
  • honorary fellow, International Federation for Documentation, 1957
  • honorary DLitt (University of Pittsburg, 1964)
  • honorary fellow, Indian Standards Institution, 1967
  • national research professor (Government of India, 1965)
  • Margaret Mann citation (American Library Association, 1970; the very first time the citation was presented to a person from outside USA)
  • grand knight of peace, Mark Twain Society, U.S.A., 1971

  • 1934: Edward B. Ross Studentship, Madras Christian College
  • 1958: Sarada Ranganathan Prize for Mathematics, Government College, Mangalore
  • 1958: Sarada Ranganathan Merit Prize, Sanskrit College, Sriperumbudur (near Chennai)
  • 1959 Sarada Ranganathan Merit Prize, High School, Ujjain, Madhya Prades.

Ranganatha's Main Works in LIS

  • Five Law of library science 1931

  •  colon classification 1933

  • Ccc 1934

  •  Prolegomena to Library classification 1937

  • Theory of Library Catalogue 1938

  • Elements of library cl 1945

  •  classification and communication 1957

  •  headings and canons 1955

  • Ramanujan, the man, and the mathematician                          1967 

Books onDR SR Ranganathan

    Link and information on S. Ranganathan.

    1. Garfield, Eugene, A Tribute to S.R. Ranganathan: Part 1. Life and Works, 
    2. Garfield, Eugene, A Tribute to S.R. Ranganathan: Part 2. Life and Works, 
    3. Glassel, Aimee, Was Ranganathan Yahoo ?
    4. Five law of Library Science 
    5. An introduction to the thought S.R. Ranganathan for Information Architects by Mike Steckel  
    6. DuBoff, Bruce, "The past in the future: a content analysis applying S. R. Ranganathan's five laws of library science to libraries and information services in young adult science fiction" (2003). Theses and Dissertations. 1291. 
    7. Ranganathan’s Relevant Rules by Diane Zabel, Editorc
    8. Relevance of Ranganathan's Laws of Library Science in Library Marketing by Dr. R.K. Bhatt
    9. Steckel, Mike: Ranganathan for IAs
    10. Efforts Of Dr. S. R. Ranganathan For Public Library Legislation And Service- A Review
    11. A Tribute by a Student of LIS
    12. The Pioneers: S. R. Ranganathan by D. J. Foskett
    13. Ranganathan's Theory of facet analysis and knowledge representation by M.A. Gopinath
    14. Application of Ranganathan's Laws to the Web by Alireza Noruz 
    15. Father of library movement  from The Hindu, 14 Aug 2001
    16. Dr. S.R. Ranganathan Access Portal by DRTC, Bangalore
    17. Father of Information Science, The Hindu, 07 Feb 2011
    18. Reflections on Ranganathan’s Five Laws of Library Science by Richard A. Leiter
    19. Colon classification-An outline with examples by S R Ranganathan
    20. Do digital libraries violate the Third Law? By Michale V. Cloonan & John G. Dove
    21. Ranganathan revisited: Facet for the future
    22. Ranganathan’s Colon Classification in 1500 Words or Less: A brief history of Colon Classification by Susan Kelsch
    23. Public Library Legislation And Service- A Review By Dr. Mohammad Azeem Siddiqui
    24. Ranganathan and Public Library System by R. Raman Nair
    25. Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav Sangrahalaya (IGRMS)- Librarians Day tribute
    26. Memories of the 1957 Dorking Conference, Dr. Ranganathan reference by Eugene Garfield
    27. The Future of Libraries in the Work of S.R. Ranganathan by Frederick J. Friend
    28. The Library is a Growing Organism: Ranganathan's Fifth Law of Library Science and the Academic Library in the Digital Era by Keren Barner
    29. On his birth centenary by M.P. Satija
    30. Dr. SRR DISCIPLES: A View Point 
    31. Ranganathan's Monologue on Melvil Dewey
    32. Ranganathan's Prolegomena to Library Classification

                                                      Books on Dr. S.R. Ranganathan:

                                                      1. Ranganathan's philosophy: assessment, impact, and relevance: proceedings of the international conference by T.S. Rajagopalan
                                                      2. Indian academic libraries and Dr. S.R. Ranganathan: a critical study by Ravindra N Sharma
                                                      3. Ranganathan, a pattern maker : a syndetic study of his contributions by Anand P Srivastava
                                                      4. Relevance of Ranganathan's contributions to library science by T S Rajagopalan 
                                                      5. S.R. Ranganathan, 1892-1972: papers given at a memorial meeting on Thursday 25th January 1973 by Edward Dudley
                                                      6. An essay in personal bibliography: Ranganathan Festschrift. 2. A bibliography of the writings on and by S.R. Ranganathan and A.K. Das Gupta
                                                      7. S.R. Ranganathan, Pragmatic Philosopher of Information Science: A Personal Biography by Ranganathan Yogeshwar
                                                      8. Ranganathanism and Knowledge Society: Relevance of Dr. S.R. Ranganathan in the Present Day Knowledge Society and Other Essays  by Satyanarayana

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